General Secretariat

Protecting Children and Uniting Families Across Borders for 97 years

External resources

External publishing

These documents may be ordered from the Publisher.


Intercountry Adoption: An evolution between ethics and market, Hervé Boéchat, Director of ISS / IRC, 2006, 82 pages. Available in French and German.

In recent years intercountry adoption has been through a crisis characterized by a number of prospective parents for adoption well beyond the possibilities of adoption worldwide. By analyzing the historical, social and political factors behind this situation, and relying on contemporary international texts, the author proposes a new reading of international adoption and gives some clues as to its possible evolution.

For purchase:


Article 21: Adoption – A Commentary on the United nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Sylvain Vité and Hervé Boéchat, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden, 2008.

This volume constitutes a commentary on Article 21 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is part of the series, A Commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, which provides an article by article analysis of all substantive, organizational and procedural provisions of the CRC and its two Optional Protocols. For every article, a comparison with related human rights provisions is made, followed by an in-depth exploration of the nature and scope of State obligations deriving from that article. The series constitutes an essential tool for actors in the field of children’s rights, including academics, students, judges, grassroots workers, governmental, non-governmental and international officers. The series is sponsored by the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office.

For purchase:


The implementation and Operation of the 1993 Hague Intercountry Adoption Convention: Guide to good practice, Hague Convention on Private International Law, 2008

Download the document in English (also available in French).


Evaluation of the practical Operation of The Hague Convention of 29 May 1993 on Protection of Children and Co-operation in respect of inter-country Adoption, ISS/IRC, 2005

Download the document in English.

Accreditation and authorization of adoption bodies: a necessary intercountry cooperation focused on the needs of children, ISS/IRC, 2005

Download the document in English.


Transfer of the child from country of origin to receiving country, ISS/IRC, 2003 

Download the document iEnglish (also available in French and Spanish).


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Family Mediation

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Alternative care

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